Partially synchronized states in networks of pulse-coupled neurons.

van Vreeswijk, C.A.

Phys. Rev. E54:5522-5537. (1996)

I study the long-term behavior of populations of nonlinear oscillators with all-to-all, noninstantaneous, pulse-coupling. With fast enough excitatory coupling both the fully synchronized and the asynchronous state are unstable. In this case individual units fire quasiperiodically even though the network as a whole shows a periodic firing pattern. The behavior of networks with three or more units is different in this regard from that of two-unit networks. With inhibitory coupling the network can break up into a variable number of fully synchronized clusters. For fast inhibition the number of clusters tends to be large, while the number of clusters is smaller for slow inhibition.

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